Oxford's Population

Key Facts about Oxford

Oxford is a dynamic international city

  • Population: 162,100 (ONS 2021 Census) (NEW)
  • 35,250 students are enrolled for full-time studies in two universities, making up about 22% of the population of the city.
  • The third highest ethnic minority population in south-east England
  • 35% of residents were born outside of the United Kingdom

Visit one of the following pages for more information:

Oxford has a growing economy

  • Just over 70% of jobs are in knowledge-intensive industries
  • 4,730 businesses provide 118,000 employee jobs
  • There are more jobs than residents - the jobs density ratio is 1.26
  • Balanced gross value added to the UK economy in 2016 was £6.75 billion
  • Key sectors of industry according to Census 2021 data are Education (23.4%), Human Health and Social Work Activities (19.0%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (9.4%), Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (9.3%), Information and communication (6.0%), Manufacturing (5.6%) and Accommodation and food service activities (5.3%).

See our economic statistics pages for information on Oxford's economy.

Oxford is not without its challenges

  • 10 out of 83 neighbourhoods are amongst the 20% most deprived in England
  • 19% of adults have no or low educational qualifications  (ONS 2021 Census) (NEW)
  • After housing costs, 1 in 4 children live below the poverty line
  • Men in the most deprived areas live 15 years less on average than those who live in the least deprived areas
  • Average house prices are 12 times the average earnings - the mean house price is £567,485
  • Median rent for a three-bedroom home is over half of median earnings

Area Profiles

Reports for Oxford and Oxfordshire's key geographies - local authorities, wards, and neighbourhoods

Area profile reports


Population by country of birth, 2011 Census 

Population growth by ward, 2001-2011 

Population estimates and projections with interactive chart, 2001-2026 

The 2019 Oxford Indices of Deprivation report provides charts and maps of relative deprivation throughout the city.

Housing data and market trends reports can be found on our Housing in Oxford page.