Oxford's Population

Key Facts about Oxford

Oxford is a fast-growing international city

  • Population: 155,300 (ONS 2016 revised mid-year estimate)
  • 33,640 students are enrolled for full-time studies in two universities
  • Largest proportion of adults in full-time studies of any city in England and Wales
  • Third highest ethnic minority population in south-east England
  • 28% of residents were born outside of the United Kingdom

Visit our age and gender, ethnicity, and students pages.

Oxford has a growing economy

  • 71% of jobs are in knowledge-intensive industries
  • 4,750 businesses provide 120,000 jobs
  • There are more jobs than residents – the jobs density ratio is 1.17
  • At least 46,000 people commute into Oxford for work
  • Gross value added to the UK economy in 2015 was £7.34 billion
  • Key sectors of industry are health, education, research, technology, tourism, car manufacturing, and publishing
  • Nearly seven million visitors came through the city in 2014, supporting over 13,000 jobs in Oxford

See our economic statistics pages for information on Oxford's economy.

Oxford is not without its challenges

  • Attainment in state schools is below the England average
  • 10 out of 83 neighbourhoods are amongst the 20% most deprived in England
  • 22% of adults have no or low educational qualifications
  • After housing costs, 1 in 4 children live below the poverty line
  • Men in the most deprived areas live 9 years less on average than those who live in the least deprived areas

The 2015 Oxford Indices of Deprivation report provides charts and maps of relative deprivation throughout the city.

Oxford faces significant problems due to the high cost of housing

  • Average house prices are 17.3 times average earnings – the mean house price is £523,150
  • Between 24,000 and 32,000 new homes are needed in the period 2011-2031
  • 1 in 5 people live in multi-occupied dwellings
  • Almost a third of residents rent their home in the private sector
  • Median rent for a three bedroom home is over half of median earnings
  • There are 3,300 households on the waiting list for social housing

Housing data and market trends reports can be found on our Housing in Oxford page.

Oxford Profile 2017

A summary of key facts about Oxford's population, economy and housing


Oxford Profile 2017



The Social Trends in Oxford leaflet is also available for download. Published in February 2015, Social Trends in Oxford describes changes in population growth, employment, housing and inequality.


Social Trends in Oxford


Charts of the Month

Oxford Population in growing at its fastest ever (February 2014)

Growth in Oxford's international diversity (January 2013)

The twelve stats of the Census (December 2012)

2001-2011: a decade of growth in Oxford's population (July 2012)


Population by country of birth, 2011 Census 

Population growth by ward, 2001-2011 

Population estimates and projections with interactive chart, 2001-2026