Poverty and Deprivation

According to the 2015 Index of Multiple Deprivation, 10 of Oxford's 83 neighbourhood areas ('Super Output Areas') are among the 20% most deprived areas in England. These areas, which are in the Leys, Rose Hill and Barton areas of the city, experience multiple levels of deprivation – low skills, low incomes and relatively high levels of crime.

The 2008/09 recession caused a rise in unemployment which was particularly acute amongst low-income groups and deprived areas. For more information see our economic statistics.

Men and women living in relatively deprived areas have a shorter life expectancy than those living in the least deprived areas. For more information see our health statistics page.

After adjusting for housing costs, 25% of children in Oxford live below the poverty line. Three Oxford neighbourhoods have child poverty rates over 40% (Indices of Deprivation 2015).

In December 2018 Oxford had 1,755 (1.6%) working-age residents claiming Universal Credit. Under Universal Credit, a broader span of claimants are required to look for work than under Jobseeker's Allowance. As Universal Credit Full Service is rolled out in particular areas, the number of people recorded as being on the Claimant Count is therefore likely to rise. Latest figures on the number of benefit claimants

Publications

Data

Further links

Interactive map of the Index of Multiple Deprivation by Oliver O'Brien at UCL

Oxfordshire Insight's interactive Index of Multiple Deprivation dashboard.

Information about the Child Wellbeing Index 2009

For Richer For Poorer is a high-level report on poverty and marginalisation in the Diocese of Oxford

The next update to the Indices of Deprivation is scheduled to be released in Summer 2019.