The health of people in Oxford is varied compared with the England average. In terms of overall deprivation, 11% of Oxford's usual residents live in deprived areas, compared to 20% in England. About 21% (5,000) children live in poverty and this goes up to 29% once monthly housing costs are subtracted. This compares to about 31% in England as a whole. Whilst in Oxford the percentage of physically active adults is high and the percentage of obese adults is low, mental health problems and substance misuse are prevalent within the population.
Indicators of health and well-being
Life expectancy and causes of death
- Life expectancy for Oxford residents is 80.2 years for men and 84.5 years for women. This is significantly better than the national average.
- Inequalities in life expectancy at birth for men from the least to most deprived areas of Oxford are estimated be around 15 years. For women, there is a smaller gap of around 11.5 years.
- The city’s roads account for the largest number of Oxfordshire’s pedal cycle casualties and the number of cyclist casualties has risen in recent years.
Disease and poor health
- In 2011, 3% of working age people declared themselves being permanently sick or disabled – just over 3,000 people. 12% of the population declared a limiting long-term illness. Both of these figures are below the England and Wales average.
- Oxford has a high rate of emergency hospital admissions for intentional self-harm (estimated 237.2 per 100,000), which is significantly worse than the national average of 199.7.
Adults' health and lifestyle
- Overall, adults in Oxford are healthier than the England average, with a significantly higher percentage of physically active adults (73% vs 63%) and one of the lowest percentages of overweight or obese adults (49% vs 62%).
Children's and young people's health
- In Year 6, 16.4% (217) of children are classified as obese, better than the average for England.
- The rate for alcohol-specific hospital admissions among those under 18 is 50 per 100,000, worse than the average for England. This represents 15 admissions per year.
- Levels of breastfeeding and smoking in pregnancy are better than the England average
Oxford Public Health Profile
Local Health profiles - health indicators for small areas within the city