The health of people in Oxford is varied compared with the England average. In terms of overall deprivation, 11% of Oxford's usual residents live in deprived areas, compared to 20% in England. However about 20% (5,000) children live in poverty, a figure that is significantly higher than the England average, and even higher once monthly housing costs are subtracted. Whilst in Oxford the percentage of physically active adults is high and the percentage of obese adults is low, mental health problems and substance misuse are prevalent within the population.
Indicators of health and well-being
Life expectancy and causes of death
- Life expectancy for Oxford residents is 80.6 years for men and 84.3 years for women. This is significantly better than the national average.
- There are geographical inequalities in life expectancy - men from the least deprived areas can expect to live 9.3 years longer than those in the most deprived areas. For women there is a smaller gap of 5.7 years.
- Over the last 10 years, all causes of mortality rates have fallen. Early death rates from cancer and from heart disease and stroke have fallen and are similar to the England average.
- The city’s roads account for the largest number of Oxfordshire’s pedal cycle casualties and the number of cyclist casualties has risen in recent years.
Disease and poor health
- In 2011, 3% of working age people declared themselves being permanently sick or disabled – just over 3,000 people. 12% of the population declared a limiting long-term illness. Both of these figures are below the England and Wales average.
- Oxford has a high rate of hospital admissions for self-harm (290 per 100,000), which is significantly worse than the national average.
- At 3.8%, the percentage of recorded diabetes of those aged 17 and over in Oxford is amongst the lowest in England (3.3% being the lowest)
Adults' health and lifestyle
- Overall, adults in Oxford are healthier than the England average, with a significantly higher percentage of physically active adults (78% vs 65%) and one of the lowest percentages of excess weight in adults (52% vs 65%).
Children's and young people's health
- Breastfeeding initiation is significantly higher in Oxford, with 84% of mothers nursing during the first week of life
- In Year 6 (at the end of Primary School) 20% of schoolchildren are classified as obese, which is similar to the national average.
- Alcohol-specific hospital stays is significantly worse than the England average, with a rate of 77.1 per 100,000 in Oxford compared to 37.4 per 100,000 in England.
- There was a high rate of under-18 conceptions in Oxford in the early 2000's, but the rate has dropped to levels similar to, or below, the England average. There are still high rates in some areas of the city.
Oxford Public Health Profile
Local Health profiles - health indicators for small areas within the city