Private housing smoke regulations

On 1 October 2015 the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015 came into force.

Smoke alarms

Smoke inhalation is the most common cause of death in house fires. Fires starting in homes without working smoke detectors are twice as likely to result in fatalities. Working smoke detectors will reduce the length of time taken for a fire to be discovered and therefore increase the likelihood of escape.

Landlords have a legal duty to ensure that there is a working smoke alarm on each storey of a premises where one or more rooms are used as living accommodation.

Checks must be made by the landlord, or on behalf of the landlord, to ensure that the alarms are working at the beginning of each new tenancy.

Carbon monoxide alarms

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colourless, odourless gas which can kill quickly with minimal prior symptoms by reducing the blood’s ability to carry oxygen. The Fire Service advise that approximately 50 people die every year in the UK from CO poisoning as a result of poorly installed or maintained fuel burning appliances.

Landlords have a legal duty to install a carbon monoxide alarm in any room of the premises which is used as living accommodation and contains a solid fuel burning combustion appliance. Solid fuel burning combustion appliances include: coal fires, wood fires, wood burning stoves, pellet boilers and biomass boilers.

Checks must be made by the landlord, or on behalf of the landlord, to ensure that the alarms are working at the beginning of each new tenancy.

Action we will take

If we believe that the landlord has not supplied a working smoke alarm on each storey of living accommodation, and/ or has not supplied a CO alarm where necessary, we have a duty to serve a remedial notice under the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015.

More information

For further informationvisit the GOV.uk website.