Emergency beds activated over the weekend for people experiencing rough sleeping

Published: Friday, 29th January 2021

Oxford City Council has activated its severe weather emergency protocol (SWEP) to make emergency beds available this weekend for people experiencing rough sleeping.

Emergency beds will now open for anyone who wants to come inside, initially from tonight (Friday 29 January) until Monday morning (1 February). The council will review the situation on Monday.

In previous years SWEP was provided in shared spaces but the need to keep people safe during the pandemic means they are now offered their own room for the night.

The council activates SWEP on every night the Met Office forecasts freezing overnight temperatures. It also uses its discretion to do so in other severe weather conditions. These can include snow on the ground, sub-zero ‘feels like’ temperatures or a warmer night in the middle of a freezing spell.

The overnight forecast is for freezing temperatures on Saturday night and into Sunday morning. SWEP activation on Friday and Sunday night is on a discretionary basis.

Allocating SWEP rooms

The St Mungo’s outreach and assessment team (OxSPOT) is already working intensively with people experiencing rough sleeping in Oxford. OxSPOT will allocate SWEP rooms to people during the day and notify them where and when they need to go.

People who have not been allocated a SWEP room in advance can present at O'Hanlon House between 11 pm and midnight.

One of the SWEP venues is suitable for people with dogs and OxSPOT can also arrange free kennels if necessary. Kennels must be arranged in advance and are not available on the night.

SWEP and the pandemic

SWEP is emergency accommodation for anyone experiencing rough sleeping – including people who have no right to claim benefits or housing in the UK or who have refused offers of housing and support.

Until this winter SWEP beds were provided in shared sleeping spaces and government guidance says that councils can continue to do this where they believe SWEP can be provided in a covid-safe manner. However, the council believes this is not a realistic option given national lockdown and that there is a high risk of transmission in shared spaces.

Working with St Mungo’s, Aspire and Homeless Oxfordshire, the council has secured 25 rooms across three venues and contingency plans are in place to provide more if the need arises.

The council has offered safe accommodation to everyone experiencing rough sleeping in Oxford since March and people accessing SWEP this winter are likely to have refused all previous offers of help, returned to the streets or be newly homeless.

The use of communal spaces will only be considered in exceptional circumstances.


“We’re activating SWEP and offering a room for the night for anyone experiencing rough sleeping who wants to come inside over the weekend.”

“The current forecast is for freezing temperatures on Saturday night and into Sunday morning. We’re using our discretion to keep SWEP open for the rest of the weekend and will review the situation again on Monday morning.”

Councillor Mike Rowley, cabinet member for affordable housing and housing the homeless


Find out more about SWEP on the council website.